The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Sometimes, tissue like that which normally lines the inside of the uterus grows elsewhere in the body. When this happens, it is called endometriosis.
Who is at risk?
Primarily women in their 30s and 40s, but it can occur any time in women who menstruate. Women with a mother, sister, or daughter who have had endometriosis are more likely to have it. Endometriosis can cause pain and infertility which is why it is important to consult a doctor if you have any symptoms.
The main symptom is pelvic pain. Such pain may occur with sex, during bowel movements, urination, or just before/during your menstrual cycle. Menstrual bleeding may occur more than once a month.
Your doctor may do a physical exam, including a pelvic exam. If other causes of pelvic pain can be ruled out, your doctor may treat endometriosis without doing any further exams or surgery. Sometimes a biopsy is performed. You will be given pain relief for this procedure.
Surgery may be done to remove Endometriosis and the scarred tissue around it. In most severe cases of endometriosis, surgery often is the best choice for treatment.
Endometriosis is often treated with success. You may need more than one kind of treatment. If you have any symptoms of endometriosis, make sure to consult your doctor.